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Going to a Cleveland Clinic location? A migraine is a common neurological disease that causes a variety of symptoms, most notably a throbbing, pulsing headache on one side of your head. Your migraine will likely get worse with physical activity, lights, sounds or smells. It may last at least four hours or even days. There are over types of headaches, divided into two : primary headaches and secondary headaches. A secondary headache is a symptom of another health issue. An aura is a group of sensory, motor and speech symptoms that usually act like warning als that a migraine headache is about to begin.
Commonly misinterpreted as a seizure or stroke, it typically happens before the headache pain, but can sometimes appear during or even after. An aura can last from 10 to 60 minutes. An aura produces symptoms that may include:.
The four stages in chronological order are the prodrome pre-monitoryaura, headache and postdrome. Women are about three times more likely than men to experience migraines. These risk factors include:. The frequency of a migraine could be once a year, once a week or any amount of time in between.
Having two to four migraine headaches per month is the most common. Migraines tend to run in families. As many as four out of five people with migraines have a family history. Discuss your symptoms with your primary care provider first. They can diagnose migraine headaches and start treatment. You may require a referral to a headache specialist. There is a tiny risk of stroke in people who get migraines with aura — 1 or 2 people out ofThe primary symptom of I need a head dr is a headache. Pain is sometimes described as pounding or throbbing. It can begin as a dull ache that develops into pulsing pain that is mild, moderate or severe.
If left untreated, your headache pain will become moderate to severe. Some people feel pain around their eye or temple, and sometimes in their face, sinuses, jaw or neck. The cause of migraine headaches is complicated and not fully understood. This releases inflammatory substances into the nerves and blood vessels of your head.
Also, they'll want to establish a history of your migraine-related symptoms, likely asking you to:. Your healthcare provider may also order blood tests and imaging tests such as a CT scan or a MRI to make sure there are no other causes for your headache. An electroencephalogram EEG may be ordered to rule out seizures. Show your healthcare provider your migraine journal so that they can learn about your unique situation.
Migraine headaches are chronic. There are two main treatment approaches that use medications : abortive and preventive.
Over-the-counter medications are effective for some people with mild to moderate migraines. The main ingredients in pain relieving medications are ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen and caffeine. Three over-the-counter products approved by the Food and Drug Administration for migraine headaches are:. Be cautious when taking over-the-counter pain relieving medications. Sometimes overusing them can cause analgesic- rebound headaches or a dependency problem.
If you're taking any over-the-counter pain medications more than two to three times a week, report that to your healthcare provider. They may suggest prescription medications that may be more effective. Your healthcare provider might recommend vitamins, minerals, or herbs, including:. Drugs to relieve migraine pain come in a variety of formulations including pills, tablets, injections, suppositories and nasal sprays.
You and your healthcare provider will discuss the specific medication, combination of medications and formulations to best meet your unique headache pain. All medications should be used under the direction of a headache specialist or healthcare provider familiar with migraine therapy.
Biofeedback is the use of special equipment strapped to your head. The equipment measures the physical tension in your body and alerts you when you need to control your I need a head dr, which changes the physical processes related to stress. The device works on children as well as adults. They can negatively affect your baby. There is no cure for migraine headaches, but you can take an active role in managing them, maybe reducing how often you get them and possibly controlling how severe they are by following these tips:. I need a head dr are unique to each individual. Likewise, how migraines are managed is also unique.
The best outcomes are usually achieved by learning and avoiding personal migraine triggers, managing symptoms, practicing preventive methods, following the advice of your healthcare provider and reporting any ificant changes as soon as they occur. You may experience migraine headaches for the rest of your life. If your migraines are caused by your period, you may stop having them when menopause starts.
Migraine headaches can be devastating and make it impossible to go to work, school or experience other daily activities. Fortunately, there are some ways to possibly prevent a migraine and other ways to help you manage and endure the symptoms. Work with your healthcare provider to keep migraines from ruling your life. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Migraine Headaches A migraine is much more than a bad headache.
This neurological disease can cause debilitating throbbing pain that can leave you in bed for days! Movement, light, sound and other triggers may cause symptoms like pain, tiredness, nausea, visual disturbances, numbness and tingling, irritability, difficulty speaking, temporary loss of vision and many more. Appointments What does a migraine feel like? What are the types of headaches? What type of headache is a migraine? What is an aura? An aura produces symptoms that may include: Seeing bright flashing dots, sparkles, or lights.
Blind spots in your vision. Numb or tingling skin. Speech changes. Ringing in your ears tinnitus. Temporary vision loss. Seeing wavy or jagged lines. Changes in smell or taste. What are the types of migraines? Migraine without aura common migraine : This type of migraine headache strikes without the warning an aura may give you.
Hemiplegic migraine: You'll have temporary paralysis hemiplegia or neurological or sensory changes on one side of your body. The onset of the headache may be associated with temporary numbness, extreme weakness on one side of your body, a tingling sensation, a loss of sensation and dizziness or vision changes.
Retinal migraine ocular migraine : You may notice temporary, partial or complete loss of vision in one of your eyes, along with a dull ache behind the eye that may spread to the rest of your head. That vision loss may last a minute, or as long as months. You should always report a retinal migraine to a healthcare provider because it could be a of a more serious issue. Chronic migraine : A chronic migraine is when a migraine occurs at least 15 days per month.
The symptoms may change frequently, and so may the severity of the pain. Those who get chronic migraines might be using headache pain medications more than 10 to 15 days a month and that, unfortunately, can lead to headaches that happen even more frequently.
Migraine with brainstem aura. With this migraine, you'll have vertigoslurred speech, double vision or loss of balance, which occur before the headache. The headache pain may affect the back of your head. These symptoms usually occur suddenly and can be associated with the inability I need a head dr speak properly, ringing in the ears and vomiting. Status migrainosus. This is a rare and severe type of migraine that can last longer than 72 hours. The headache pain and nausea can be extremely bad.
Certain medications, or medication withdrawal, can cause you to have this type of migraine. What are the four stages or phases of a migraine? The phases are: Prodrome: The first stage lasts a few hours, or it can last days. You may or may not experience it as it may not happen every time. Aura: The aura phase can last as long as 60 minutes or as little as five.
Headache: About four hours to 72 hours is how long the headache lasts. Typically it starts on one side of your head and then spre to the other side. Postdrome: The postdrome stage goes on for a day or two. It can take about eight to 72 hours to go through the four stages.I need a head dr
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